Haplogroup R1b is discussed in a Wikipedia article. Persons in this group are advised to join the R-U152 and Subclades Research Project

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
modal 13 24 13 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 30 19 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 10 11 19-23 15 15 18 17 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
48505_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 11 12 13 29 17 8-9 11 11 26 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 10 11 19-23 15 15 17 17 38-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-21 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 21 14 12 11 12 11 11 12 12 34 15 9 16 12 27 26 19 13 10 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 21 15 19 15 24 17 12 15 24 12 23 18 10 15 17 9 12 11
157444_Ferguson 13 24 13 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 30 18 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 10 11 19-23 15 15 19 17 38-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
283339_Ferguson 13 24 13 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 30 19 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 10 11 19-23 15 15 18 17 37-38 12 12
315487_Stone 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 30 19 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 29 15-15-16-16-17-17 10 11 19-23 15 15 18 18 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 12 12 16 8 12 21 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
656240_Ferguson 13 24 13 10 11-11 12 12 10 13 13 29 19 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 10 11 19-23 16 14 18 16 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID m
o
d
a
l
4
8
5
0
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
5
7
4
4
4

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
8
3
3
3
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
1
5
4
8
7

S
t
o
n
e
6
5
6
2
4
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
modal 67 15 5 0 8 13
48505_Ferguson 15 111 16 11 21 21
157444_Ferguson 5 16 67 3 11 16
283339_Ferguson 0 11 3 37 4 11
315487_Stone 8 21 11 4 69 19
656240_Ferguson 13 21 16 11 19 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID m
o
d
a
l
4
8
5
0
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
5
7
4
4
4

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
8
3
3
3
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
1
5
4
8
7

S
t
o
n
e
6
5
6
2
4
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
modal 67 24-62 8-32 0-11 12-39 22-58
48505_Ferguson 24-62 111 27-67 20-62 37-82 48-100
157444_Ferguson 8-32 27-67 67 5-31 21-55 30-71
283339_Ferguson 0-11 20-62 5-31 37 7-35 23-68
315487_Stone 12-39 37-82 21-55 7-35 69 31-73
656240_Ferguson 22-58 48-100 30-71 23-68 31-73 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0026 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG


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