Haplogroup R1b is described in a Wikipedia article. Persons within this clade are advised to join the R1b-P312 Project. The Ferguson on this page are confirmed or predicted to be P312+, L21-. Persons herein are advised to take either the R1b - P312 SNP Pack or BigY test.

SNP

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
The P312 modal haplotype in the table below is YSearch ID : XQJ7H .
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
XQJ7H_R-P312_modal 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 36-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 35 15 9 16 12 26 26 19 12 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 21 15 19 13 24 17 12 15 24 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
101739_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-15 12 12 12 13 13 28 17 9-11 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-18 11 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 37-38 12 13
270800_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-15 12 12 12 13 13 28 17 9-11 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-18 11 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 37-38 12 13 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 11 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 23 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 36 15 9 16 12 26 26 19 12 11 12 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 20 15 19 13 23 17 13 15 23 12 23 18 9 13 17 9 12 11
104334_Dampman 13 23 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14-15-16-18 11 11 19-23 15 15 18 17 37-39 11 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 11 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID X
Q
J
7
H

R
-
P
3
1
2

m
o
d
a
l
1
0
1
7
3
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
7
0
8
0
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
0
4
3
3
4

D
a
m
p
m
a
n
XQJ7H_R-P312_modal 111 6 17 12
101739_Ferguson 6 37 0 13
270800_Ferguson 17 0 111 17
104334_Dampman 12 13 17 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID X
Q
J
7
H

R
-
P
3
1
2

m
o
d
a
l
1
0
1
7
3
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
7
0
8
0
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
0
4
3
3
4

D
a
m
p
m
a
n
XQJ7H_R-P312_modal 111 13-49 22-48 24-62
101739_Ferguson 13-49 37 0-11 39-97
270800_Ferguson 22-48 0-11 111 39-85
104334_Dampman 24-62 39-97 39-85 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0026 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG


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