Haplogroup R1b is discussed in a Wikipedia article. Persons within this group are advised to join the R1b-P312 Project.

OGAP10 is as defined in Campbell's analysis of the data in Bryan Sykes' book, Blood of the Isles. Campbell writes "OGAP10 is clearly identified as an Irish haplotype. This haplotype also shows up strongly in the Hebrides which supports Sykes' and Oppenheimer's general conclusion of a Mesolithic northern migration along the coast of Ireland."

The Ferguson within this clade share an ancient ancestor with persons named Livingston found within A Highland Line aka the R-P312*/L21- group of the Livingston/Maclea/Boggs DNA Surname Project. The key markers defining this group appear to be DYS390=25, DYS537=11, DYS557=17, DYS436=14, DYS520=21, and DYS446=14. OGAP10-67 refers then to a haplotype that has these markers and otherwise matches the R-L21 modal. Note that only DYS390 is tested at 37 markers or less so it takes a 67 marker test to be sure that one belongs to this cluster.

SNP Tests

Kit 109373 has tested at YSEQ and is Z30596+, Z30600+. He has done a BigY test and the results are shown in the Big Tree. There are two other names in that group, MacDonald and Gordon; neither has a haplotype resembling OGAP10-67. All three persons in the group have a large number of private mutations which means the group is very old, estimated here to be 3,000 to 4,000 years ago. The SNP Z30600 is available for testing at FTDNA.

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
modal 13 25 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 19 17 38-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 16 8 14 22 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 35 15 9 16 12 26 26 19 13 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 25 13 10 10 19 15 20 14 23 16 12 15 24 12 23 18 8 14 17 9 12 11
181368_Ferguson 13 25 14 10 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 19 17 38-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 16 8 14 22 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
312727_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 19 17 38-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 16 8 14 23 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
154403_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 31 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 17 15 18 17 38-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 16 8 14 22 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
N39351_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 24 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 16 8 13 22 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
B5632_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 10 19-23 16 15 18 18 38-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 17 8 14 22 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 35 15 9 16 12 26 26 19 13 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 25 13 10 10 19 15 20 14 23 16 12 15 24 12 23 18 9 14 17 9 12 11
67130_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 12-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 19 18 38-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 17 8 14 22 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
109373_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 19 17 38-38 11 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 16 8 14 22 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
218441_Fergusson 13 25 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 19 17 37-38 11 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 22-23 17 10 14 12 16 8 14 22 21 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
416638_Campbell 13 25 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-16-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 19 17 38-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 16 8 14 22 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 38 15 9 16 12 26 26 19 13 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 25 13 10 10 19 15 20 14 23 16 12 15 24 12 23 18 8 14 17 9 12 11
212128_Livingston 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 11 18-23 16 15 19 17 38-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 17 10 14 12 16 8 14 22 21 14 12 11 13 12 11 12 12 37 15 9 16 12 26 26 19 13 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 32 12 13 25 13 10 10 19 15 20 13 23 17 12 15 24 12 23 18 8 14 17 9 12 11
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID m
o
d
a
l
1
8
1
3
6
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
1
2
7
2
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
5
4
4
0
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
N
3
9
3
5
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
B
5
6
3
2

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
6
7
1
3
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
0
9
3
7
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
1
8
4
4
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
4
1
6
6
3
8

C
a
m
p
b
e
l
l
2
1
2
1
2
8

L
i
v
i
n
g
s
t
o
n
modal 111 3 2 3 4 5 3 1 3 6 10
181368_Ferguson 3 67 3 4 6 7 6 4 5 4 5
312727_Ferguson 2 3 67 3 6 6 5 3 5 5 6
154403_Ferguson 3 4 3 67 5 5 6 4 6 6 7
N39351_Ferguson 4 6 6 5 67 6 7 5 5 6 7
B5632_Ferguson 5 7 6 5 6 111 3 5 7 11 15
67130_Ferguson 3 6 5 6 7 3 67 4 6 6 7
109373_Ferguson 1 4 3 4 5 5 4 67 2 4 5
218441_Fergusson 3 5 5 6 5 7 6 2 67 5 6
416638_Campbell 6 4 5 6 6 11 6 4 5 111 10
212128_Livingston 10 5 6 7 7 15 7 5 6 10 111
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID m
o
d
a
l
1
8
1
3
6
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
1
2
7
2
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
5
4
4
0
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
N
3
9
3
5
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
B
5
6
3
2

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
6
7
1
3
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
0
9
3
7
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
1
8
4
4
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
4
1
6
6
3
8

C
a
m
p
b
e
l
l
2
1
2
1
2
8

L
i
v
i
n
g
s
t
o
n
modal 111 4-23 2-19 4-23 6-27 4-19 4-23 1-15 4-23 3-16 8-26
181368_Ferguson 4-23 67 4-23 6-27 10-36 12-40 10-36 6-27 8-32 6-27 8-32
312727_Ferguson 2-19 4-23 67 4-23 10-36 10-36 8-32 4-23 8-32 8-32 10-36
154403_Ferguson 4-23 6-27 4-23 67 8-32 8-32 10-36 6-27 10-36 10-36 12-40
N39351_Ferguson 6-27 10-36 10-36 8-32 67 10-36 12-40 8-32 8-32 10-36 12-40
B5632_Ferguson 4-19 12-40 10-36 8-32 10-36 111 4-23 8-32 12-40 10-28 15-38
67130_Ferguson 4-23 10-36 8-32 10-36 12-40 4-23 67 6-27 10-36 10-36 12-40
109373_Ferguson 1-15 6-27 4-23 6-27 8-32 8-32 6-27 67 2-19 6-27 8-32
218441_Fergusson 4-23 8-32 8-32 10-36 8-32 12-40 10-36 2-19 67 8-32 10-36
416638_Campbell 3-16 6-27 8-32 10-36 10-36 10-28 10-36 6-27 8-32 111 10-28
212128_Livingston 8-26 8-32 10-36 12-40 12-40 15-38 12-40 8-32 10-36 10-28 111
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0026 to 0.0026
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG

Network Diagram

A network diagram connects different haplotypes in accordance with specific marker values. Any line that connects two haplotypes represent mutations in the markers that differ between the two and its length is the genetic distance. Where lines intersect at intermediate points between haplotypes an attempt has been made to account for missing haplotypes in the data set. Subclades or branches appear in these diagrams when haplotypes with similiar marker values are clustered together. The diagram below was constructed using Fluxus software and the median joining method.

The data shown is limited to 67 marker haplotypes and shows the Ferguson compared to other surnames found in their respective projects. The Livingston branch off clearly and are characterized by the off modal marker DYS572=12. The Ferguson on the other hand on four different off modal paths.

The spreadsheet Generations111T.xlsx by Nordtvedt has been used to estimate the time to the most recent common ancestor of both the Livingston and the Ferguson as separate groups, 21 and 20 generations respectively with a standard deviation in both cases of 6 generations. The interclade TMRCA between the two groups was calculated to be 25 generations. At 31 years per generation it is estimated that the most recent common ancestor of the Ferguson and Livingston was about 1200 ± 300 AD.

Network


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