SNP

Persons on this page are known or predicted to be R-M222 but their SNP downstream of R-M222 are unknown and cannot be predicted reliably. Persons in this haplogroup are advised to determine their terminal SNP. The most economical tests for this purpose are the R1b - M222 SNP Pack offered by FTDNA and the R1b-DF49 (including M222) North West Irish Panel offered by ySeq

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another. One such group is evident:
  1. DYS393=14, DYS449=31, DYS460=11, DYS607=15 and DYS576=19
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
R-M222 13 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15-16-16-17 11 11 19-23 17 16 18 17 38-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 25 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 35 15 9 16 12 24 26 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 13 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 22 15 19 13 24 17 13 15 24 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
81459_Forgason 14 25 14 12 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 31 15-16-16-17 11 11 19-23 17 15 19 17 38-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 16 10 12 12 17 8 12 25 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
231129_Ferguson 14 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 20 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 31 15-16-16-17 11 11 19-23 17 15 19 17 38-40 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 16 10 12 12 17 8 12 25 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
148856_Forgason 14 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 13 13 14 29 18 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 31 15-16-16-17 11 11 19-23 17 15 19 17 38-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 16 10 12 12 17 8 12 25 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
169367_Ferguson 14 26 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 31 15-16-16-17 11 11 19-23 17 15 19 17 38-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 16 10 12 12 18 8 12 25 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
174076_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 14 15 30 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 29 15-15-16-17 11 11 19-23 17 16 19 18 38-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 24 21 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
641311_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 14 14 30 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 29 15-16-16-17
220391_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 11 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15-16-16-17 11 11 19-23 17 16 18 17 38-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 25 20 12 13 11 13 11 11 12 12 35 15 9 16 12 23 26 19 12 11 12 12 11 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 20 15 19 12 24 16 14 15 24 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
178981_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-12 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15-16-16-17 11 11 19-22 17 16 17 17 38-39 12 12
29273_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15-15-16-16
146105_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15-15-16-16 12 11 19-23 17 17 18 17 36-37 12 12
214716_Furgeson 13 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 30 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15-15-16-16 12 11 19-23 17 16 18 16 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 17 10 12 12 17 8 12 25 22 12 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
22816_Ferguson/Fergus 13 25 14 10 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9-10 11 11 24 14 18 31 15-16-16-17 12 11 19-23 17 16 18 17 36-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 15 10 12 12 16 8 12 25 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
13309_Fergus 13 25 14 10 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15-16-16-17
647060_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 18 30 15-16-16-17 11 11 19-23 17 16 18 18 39-40 13 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 21-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 13 25 20 14 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
ANC109_Ferguson 13 25 14 10 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 11 11 25 18 30 15-16-16-17 10 11 19-23 12 24 13 12
ANC103_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 11-13 12 12 12 13 14 29 16 11 11 25 18 30 14-15-16-17 12 11 19-23 12 24 13 13
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID R
-
M
2
2
2
8
1
4
5
9

F
o
r
g
a
s
o
n
2
3
1
1
2
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
8
8
5
6

F
o
r
g
a
s
o
n
1
6
9
3
6
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
4
0
7
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
6
4
1
3
1
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
2
0
3
9
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
8
9
8
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
9
2
7
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
6
1
0
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
1
4
7
1
6

F
u
r
g
e
s
o
n
2
2
8
1
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
/
F
e
r
g
u
s
1
3
3
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
A
N
C
1
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
A
N
C
1
0
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
R-M222 111 7 9 7 7 10 3 11 3 1 4 10 9 1 3 4
81459_Forgason 7 67 4 2 4 15 7 11 9 5 10 15 12 5 5 7
231129_Ferguson 9 4 67 4 6 17 8 12 11 6 11 16 13 6 6 8
148856_Forgason 7 2 4 67 4 15 7 11 9 5 10 15 12 5 5 7
169367_Ferguson 7 4 6 4 67 15 6 11 8 4 9 15 14 4 6 6
174076_Ferguson 10 15 17 15 15 67 3 14 11 6 11 17 19 7 9 6
641311_Ferguson 3 7 8 7 6 3 25 4 4 4 4 5 8 4 5 3
220391_Ferguson 11 11 12 11 11 14 4 111 5 2 5 11 12 2 4 5
178981_Ferguson 3 9 11 9 8 11 4 5 37 2 7 8 10 2 5 5
29273_Ferguson 1 5 6 5 4 6 4 2 2 25 0 1 6 2 3 2
146105_Ferguson 4 10 11 10 9 11 4 5 7 0 37 4 8 2 5 2
214716_Furgeson 10 15 16 15 15 17 5 11 8 1 4 67 16 3 6 3
22816_Ferguson/Fergus 9 12 13 12 14 19 8 12 10 6 8 16 67 4 4 6
13309_Fergus 1 5 6 5 4 7 4 2 2 2 2 3 4 25 1 3
ANC109_Ferguson 3 5 6 5 6 9 5 4 5 3 5 6 4 1 30 7
ANC103_Ferguson 4 7 8 7 6 6 3 5 5 2 2 3 6 3 7 30
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID R
-
M
2
2
2
8
1
4
5
9

F
o
r
g
a
s
o
n
2
3
1
1
2
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
8
8
5
6

F
o
r
g
a
s
o
n
1
6
9
3
6
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
4
0
7
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
6
4
1
3
1
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
2
0
3
9
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
8
9
8
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
9
2
7
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
6
1
0
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
1
4
7
1
6

F
u
r
g
e
s
o
n
2
2
8
1
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
/
F
e
r
g
u
s
1
3
3
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
6
4
7
0
6
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
A
N
C
1
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
A
N
C
1
0
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
R-M222 111 12-40 12-40 12-40 10-36 19-53 12-68 11-31 5-31 3-40 8-37 17-49 17-49 3-40 8-32 10-58 15-70
81459_Forgason 12-40 67 4-23 2-19 6-27 27-67 24-97 22-58 20-62 24-97 23-68 30-71 22-58 18-82 24-62 16-76 28-102
231129_Ferguson 12-40 4-23 67 4-23 6-27 27-67 18-82 19-53 20-62 18-82 20-62 27-67 24-62 18-82 22-58 22-89 22-89
148856_Forgason 12-40 2-19 4-23 67 6-27 27-67 24-97 19-53 20-62 24-97 23-68 30-71 24-62 24-97 24-62 22-89 28-102
169367_Ferguson 10-36 6-27 6-27 6-27 67 24-62 24-97 19-53 17-55 18-82 20-62 30-71 27-67 18-82 22-58 28-102 28-102
174076_Ferguson 19-53 27-67 27-67 27-67 24-62 67 12-68 30-71 27-75 31-112 31-82 36-80 39-85 38-128 27-67 42-131 28-102
641311_Ferguson 12-68 24-97 18-82 24-97 24-97 12-68 25 18-82 18-82 18-82 18-82 24-97 31-112 18-82 12-68 19-88 13-72
220391_Ferguson 11-31 22-58 19-53 19-53 19-53 30-71 18-82 111 11-43 7-54 11-43 19-53 22-58 7-54 12-40 15-70 20-82
178981_Ferguson 5-31 20-62 20-62 20-62 17-55 27-75 18-82 11-43 37 7-54 17-55 20-62 27-75 7-54 13-49 22-89 22-89
29273_Ferguson 3-40 24-97 18-82 24-97 18-82 31-112 18-82 7-54 7-54 25 0-25 3-40 31-112 7-54 3-40 13-72 7-57
146105_Ferguson 8-37 23-68 20-62 23-68 20-62 31-82 18-82 11-43 17-55 0-25 37 8-37 20-62 7-54 13-49 16-76 6-50
214716_Furgeson 17-49 30-71 27-67 30-71 30-71 36-80 24-97 19-53 20-62 3-40 8-37 67 27-67 12-68 22-58 22-89 11-63
22816_Ferguson/Fergus 17-49 22-58 24-62 24-62 27-67 39-85 31-112 22-58 27-75 31-112 20-62 27-67 67 18-82 22-58 11-63 22-89
13309_Fergus 3-40 18-82 18-82 24-97 18-82 38-128 18-82 7-54 7-54 7-54 7-54 12-68 18-82 25 3-40 3-42 13-72
647060_Ferguson 8-32 24-62 22-58 24-62 22-58 27-67 12-68 12-40 13-49 3-40 13-49 22-58 22-58 3-40 67 11-63 11-63
ANC109_Ferguson 10-58 16-76 22-89 22-89 28-102 42-131 19-88 15-70 22-89 13-72 16-76 22-89 11-63 3-42 11-63 30 20-82
ANC103_Ferguson 15-70 28-102 22-89 28-102 28-102 28-102 13-72 20-82 22-89 7-57 6-50 11-63 22-89 13-72 11-63 20-82 30
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0023 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG



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