Haplogroup R1b is discussed in a Wikipedia article.
This group is comprised of those persons in the project who are confirmed or predicted to be R1b-L21 but cannot be confirmed or predicted with confidence to fall within any of the R1b-L21 subgroupings used in this project. At minimum the YSEQ R1b-L21 Super-Clade Orientation Panel will serve to identify one of the major subclades under R1b-L21. To determine a terminal SNP persons in this group are advised to join the R L21 and Subclades Project and work towards that goal, please note that project requires a tested result of L21+ to join..

Haplotype Tables

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
The R-L21 haplotype in the tables below is a modal given as ySearch ID XQJ7H.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
XQJ7H_R-L21_modal 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 36-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 35 15 9 16 12 26 26 19 12 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 21 15 19 13 24 17 12 15 24 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
94024_Ferguson 13 24 15 10 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-16-18 11 11 19-19 16 15 17 18 36-40 12 12
481344_Ferguson 13 24 15 10 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-16-18 11 11 19-23 16 15 17 18 36-40 12 12 11 10 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 16-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 12 10 11 14 11 11 12 12
SMGF005_Ferguson 13 24 15 10 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 25 19 30 15-15-16-18 10 11 19-23 16 12 12 24 13 12
16605_Ferguson 13 24 15 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 13-15-15-17 11 11 19-23 15 15 18 16 35-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 11 8 9 10 12 23-23 17 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID X
Q
J
7
H

R
-
L
2
1

m
o
d
a
l
9
4
0
2
4

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
8
1
3
4
4

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
S
M
G
F
0
0
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
6
6
0
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
XQJ7H_R-L21_modal 111 10 15 7 10
94024_Ferguson 10 37 1 2 13
481344_Ferguson 15 1 67 1 22
SMGF005_Ferguson 7 2 1 33 8
16605_Ferguson 10 13 22 8 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID X
Q
J
7
H

R
-
L
2
1

m
o
d
a
l
9
4
0
2
4

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
8
1
3
4
4

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
S
M
G
F
0
0
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
6
6
0
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
XQJ7H_R-L21_modal 111 27-75 30-71 28-94 19-53
94024_Ferguson 27-75 37 1-19 6-45 35-89
481344_Ferguson 30-71 1-19 67 2-33 48-100
SMGF005_Ferguson 28-94 6-45 2-33 33 38-117
16605_Ferguson 19-53 35-89 48-100 38-117 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0024 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG


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