Haplogroup R1b is discussed in a Wikipedia article.
This group is comprised of those persons in the project who are confirmed or predicted to be R1b-FGC5494. Persons who fall within this group are advised to join the R1b-FGC5494 and Subclades project at FTDNA

SNP

Haplotype Tables

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
modal 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-25 15 15 16 16 37-39 13 12 11 10 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 22-23 17 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
167989_Farris 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-25 15 15 16 16 37-39 13 12 11 10 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 22-23 17 10 12 12 16 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 33 16 9 16 12 25 26 19 12 11 13 12 11 9 13 12 10 10 11 31 12 14 24 13 10 10 23 15 18 13 24 17 12 15 23 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
B7006_Farris 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 12 19-25 15 15 16 16 37-39 13 12 12 13 11 31 12 14 24 13 10 23 12
307389_Farrell 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 12 11 19-25 16 15 16 16 37-39 12 12 11 10 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 22-23 17 10 12 12 15 8 11 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
63976_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 11 13 13 29 20 8-9 11 11 25 15 19 30 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-22 16 14 17 17 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 10 11 12 12
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID m
o
d
a
l
1
6
7
9
8
9

F
a
r
r
i
s
B
7
0
0
6

F
a
r
r
i
s
3
0
7
3
8
9

F
a
r
r
e
l
l
6
3
9
7
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
modal 67 1 1 4 18
167989_Farris 1 111 1 5 19
B7006_Farris 1 1 48 5 15
307389_Farrell 4 5 5 67 18
63976_Ferguson 18 19 15 18 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID m
o
d
a
l
1
6
7
9
8
9

F
a
r
r
i
s
B
7
0
0
6

F
a
r
r
i
s
3
0
7
3
8
9

F
a
r
r
e
l
l
6
3
9
7
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
modal 67 1-15 1-18 6-27 33-76
167989_Farris 1-15 111 1-16 8-32 36-80
B7006_Farris 1-18 1-16 48 10-40 33-84
307389_Farrell 6-27 8-32 10-40 67 33-76
63976_Ferguson 33-76 36-80 33-84 33-76 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0026 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG


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