Haplogroup R1b is discussed in a Wikipedia article. Persons in this group are advised to join the R L21 and Subclades Project

SNP

The Ferguson on this page are known or predicted to be A421+

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
The R-P312 haplotype in the table below is a modal given as ySearch ID XQJ7H.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
XQJ7H_R-L21_modal 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 17 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15-15-17-17 11 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 36-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 35 15 9 16 12 26 26 19 12 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 21 15 19 13 24 17 12 15 24 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
301950_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 14 13 30 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 32 14-15-16-17 11 11 19-23 15 16 19 16 36-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 21 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 35 15 9 16 12 25 26 20 12 11 11 12 11 9 13 12 10 11 11 30 12 12 25 13 10 10 20 15 18 14 24 17 12 14 24 12 23 18 9 14 17 9 12 11
281625_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 12 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 25 15 19 32 15-15-16-17 11 11 19-23 15 16 19 16 36-39 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 15 10 12 12 15 8 11 21 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 34 15 9 16 12 24 26 20 12 11 11 12 11 9 13 12 10 11 11 30 12 12 25 13 10 10 20 15 19 14 24 17 12 14 24 12 23 18 9 14 17 9 12 11
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID X
Q
J
7
H

R
-
L
2
1

m
o
d
a
l
3
0
1
9
5
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
8
1
6
2
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
XQJ7H_R-L21_modal 111 28 27
301950_Ferguson 28 111 5
281625_Ferguson 27 5 111
Tightly Related Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Expected Relationships with Y-DNA STR Matches
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested


Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA will be less than the number shown with a probability of 95%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID X
Q
J
7
H

R
-
L
2
1

m
o
d
a
l
3
0
1
9
5
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
8
1
6
2
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
XQJ7H_R-L21_modal 111 34-66 32-63
301950_Ferguson 34-66 111 4-19
281625_Ferguson 32-63 4-19 111
Tightly Related Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0026 to 0.0026
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG


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