Haplogroup R1b is discussed in a Wikipedia article. Persons in this group are advised to join the R-U152 and Subclades Research Project

SNP Tests

The Ferguson on this page are predicted to be U152 based kit 414675 testing positive for SNP BY3847.

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
i
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
modal 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 27 15 19 32 15-15-16-18 11 11 19-22 15 15 18 18 36-38 11 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 9 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
414675_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 27 15 19 32 15-15-16-18 11 11 19-22 15 15 18 18 36-38 11 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 9 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 13 12 10 13 11 11 12 12
452116_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 27 15 19 32 15-15-16-18 11 11 19-22 15 15 18 18 36-38 11 12
637857_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 27 15 19 32 15-15-16-18 11 11 19-22 15 15 18 18 36-38 11 12
141861_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 27 15 19 32 15-15-16-18 11 11 19-22 15 15 18 18 36-38 11 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 33 15 9 16 13 25 26 19 12 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 19 15 16 14 25 17 12 15 25 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
362985_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 27 15 19 32 15-15-16-18 11 11 19-22 15 15 18 18 35-38 11 12
27670_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 27 15 19 32 15-15-16-18 11 11 19-22 15 15 18 17 36-38 11 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 9 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
563298_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 11-14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 9-10 11 11 27 15 19 32 15-15-16-18 10 11 19-22 15 15 18 17 36-38 11 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 10 9 12 23-23 16 10 12 12 16 8 12 23 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12 33 15 9 16 13 25 26 19 12 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 13 10 10 19 15 17 14 25 17 12 15 25 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID m
o
d
a
l
4
1
4
6
7
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
5
2
1
1
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
6
3
7
8
5
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
1
8
6
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
6
2
9
8
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
7
6
7
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
5
6
3
2
9
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
modal 67 1 0 0 1 1 1 2
414675_Ferguson 1 67 0 0 2 1 2 3
452116_Ferguson 0 0 37 0 0 1 1 2
637857_Ferguson 0 0 0 37 0 1 1 2
141861_Ferguson 1 2 0 0 111 1 2 4
362985_Ferguson 1 1 1 1 1 37 2 3
27670_Ferguson 1 2 1 1 2 2 67 1
563298_Ferguson 2 3 2 2 4 3 1 111
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA will be less than the number shown with a probability of 95%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID m
o
d
a
l
4
1
4
6
7
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
5
2
1
1
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
6
3
7
8
5
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
1
8
6
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
6
2
9
8
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
7
6
7
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
5
6
3
2
9
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
modal 67 0-32 0-17 0-17 0-32 0-29 0-32 1-25
414675_Ferguson 0-32 67 0-17 0-17 1-25 0-29 1-25 2-30
452116_Ferguson 0-17 0-17 37 0-17 0-17 0-29 0-29 1-33
637857_Ferguson 0-17 0-17 0-17 37 0-17 0-29 0-29 1-33
141861_Ferguson 0-32 1-25 0-17 0-17 111 0-29 1-25 2-20
362985_Ferguson 0-29 0-29 0-29 0-29 0-29 37 1-33 3-40
27670_Ferguson 0-32 1-25 0-29 0-29 1-25 1-33 67 0-32
563298_Ferguson 1-25 2-30 1-33 1-33 2-20 3-40 0-32 111
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Probably UnRelated
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0026 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (1% to 99%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG


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