Haplogroup R1b is described in a Wikipedia Article. Based on SNP testing to date this group appears to be DF49+ Z2976+ DF23-. Persons who within this group are advised to join the The R-DF49 and Subclades Project.

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another. In this case with respect to the R-L21 modal all who have tested 37 markers share: DYS385=12-14, DYS458=18 and DYS459=9-9. Those tested to 67 also share DYF406s1=9, DYS511=11 and DYS413=23-24.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
i
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
modal 13 25 14 11 12-14 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 30 15-16-16-17 10 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 9 11 12 23-24 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
54897_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 12-14 12 12 12 13 13 29
167891_Ferguson 13 24 14 11 12-14 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 30 15-15-16-17 10 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 9 11 12 23-24 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
196736_Ferguson 13 25 14 11 12-14 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 30 15-16-16-17 10 11 19-23 16 15 18 17 37-37 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 9 11 12 23-24 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
175015_Wilson 13 25 14 11 12-14 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 30 15-16-16-17 10 11 19-23 16 15 17 17 37-38 12 12
59601_Spier 13 25 14 11 12-14 12 12 12 13 14 29 18 9-9 11 11 24 15 19 30 15-16-16-17 10 11 19-23 16 15 17 17 37-38 12 12 11 9 15-16 8 10 10 8 9 11 12 23-24 15 10 12 12 15 8 12 22 20 13 12 11 13 11 11 12 12
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID m
o
d
a
l
5
4
8
9
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
6
7
8
9
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
9
6
7
3
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
5
0
1
5

W
i
l
s
o
n
5
9
6
0
1

W
i
l
s
o
n
modal 67 1 2 1 1 1
54897_Ferguson 1 12 2 1 1 1
167891_Ferguson 2 2 67 3 3 3
196736_Ferguson 1 1 3 67 2 2
175015_Wilson 1 1 3 2 37 0
59601_Wilson 1 1 3 2 0 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID m
o
d
a
l
5
4
8
9
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
6
7
8
9
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
9
6
7
3
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
5
0
1
5

W
i
l
s
o
n
5
9
6
0
1

W
i
l
s
o
n
modal 67 8-102 2-19 1-15 1-19 1-15
54897_Ferguson 8-102 12 18-142 8-102 8-102 8-102
167891_Ferguson 2-19 18-142 67 4-23 5-31 4-23
196736_Ferguson 1-15 8-102 4-23 67 3-24 2-19
175015_Wilson 1-19 8-102 5-31 3-24 37 0-11
59601_Wilson 1-15 8-102 4-23 2-19 0-11 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0020 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG


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