Haplogroup R1a1a is described in a Wikipedia Article and
This group is comprised of those persons in the project who have are neither confirmed or predicted with confidence to fall within any of the R1a Groupings used in this project. Persons herein are advised to join the R1a1a and Subclades Y-DNA Project and work towards determining their terminal SNP so that they can be better classified.

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
modal 13 25 16 10 11-14 12 10 10 13 11 32 15 9-10 11 11 24 14 20 31 12-14-14-16 12 11 19-23 15 15 17 20 33-39 13 11
19638_Ferguson 13 25 15 10 11-14 12 10 10 13 11 32 15 9-9 11 11 25 14 19 31 12-14-14-16 12 11 19-23 15 16 17 20 33-39 13 11
255200_Ferguson 13 25 16 11 11-14 12 12 11 13 11 29 16 9-10 11 11 24 14 20 31 13-15-15-15 11 10 19-23 15 15 21 19 34-40 12 11 11 8 17-17 8 11 10 8 11 11 12 22-22 15 10 12 12 13 8 14 23 20 12 12 11 13 11 11 12 13 32 15 9 15 12 26 27 19 12 12 12 12 10 9 12 11 10 11 11 28 13 14 24 13 9 10 18 15 18 12 22 14 12 15 24 12 24 19 10 16 17 9 11 11
556507_Fergusson 13 25 16 10 11-14 12 10 10 13 12 31 14 9-10 11 11 24 14 20 32 12-13-14-15 10 11 19-23 16 15 19 17 34-39 14 11 11 8 17-17 8 12 10 8 11 10 12 22-22 15 11 12 12 13 8 12 22 22 12 12 11 13 11 11 12 13
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID m
o
d
a
l
1
9
6
3
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
5
5
2
0
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
5
5
6
5
0
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
modal 37 5 22 16
19638_Ferguson 5 37 27 21
255200_Ferguson 22 27 111 30
556507_Fergusson 16 21 30 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA will be less than the number shown with a probability of 95%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID m
o
d
a
l
1
9
6
3
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
5
5
2
0
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
5
5
6
5
0
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
modal 37 11-43 53-121 35-89
19638_Ferguson 11-43 37 83-171 59-130
255200_Ferguson 53-121 83-171 111 55-110
556507_Fergusson 35-89 59-130 55-110 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0026 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG


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