Haplogroup I-M223 is described in a Wikipedia Article and persons therein are advised to join the I-M223 Y-Haplogroup Project. The cluster is named Roots to conform to the naming convention initiated by Nordtvedt circa 2006. A study of the genesis and spread of Halopgroup I and its clades is on this page: Nordtvedt's Haplogroup I Tree and Conjectured Spread Map.
Kit 159685 has tested BigY and to date is known to be L1230+
The origin of the FERGUSON within this cluster is complicated by matches with persons named GRIFFIN. There is little doubt that a non-paternal event has occured in either the GRIFFIN or the FERGUSON line. From the Griffi(th)(s)(n)(ng) surname project, comparisons are included for those GRIFFIN of this Haplogroup who have been tested to 67 markers or better. Both these FERGUSON and the GRIFFIN have ancestors in colonial New York. The GRIFFIN are known to have emigrated from England. Detailed analysis has been able to rule out any NPE in the Griffin line subseqent to a Richard GRIFFIN 1655, NY and in the Ferguson line subsequent to John W. FERGUSON 1859, NJ
Kit 159685 and a Griffin Kit 48274 match at 109 of 111 markers. FTDNA's guideline reads: "A 109/111 match indicates a close relationship. Most matches are 7th cousins or closer, and over half are 4th or more recent cousins" . Both have BigY tested and they share many novel variant SNPs; see Wayne Roberts 2014.

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
i
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
Roots-91427 14 23 16 10 15-15 11 13 11 13 12 29 15 8-10 11 11 26 14 20 27 11-13-14-15 10 10 19-19 14 15       12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21-22 15 11 12 12 16 9 14   21 9 13 12 13 11 12 13 11                                                                                        
159685_Ferguson 13 23 15 11 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 31 15 8-10 11 11 26 14 20 27 11-14-15-15 11 10 19-20 14 16 16 20 33-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21-22 15 12 12 12 16 9 14 26 21 9 13 12 13 11 12 13 11 31 14 8 15 11 23 27 19 11 11 12 10 13 9 12 11 10 11 12 33 10 13 23 14 11 11 25 15 19 14 22 15 11 14 26 12 20 18 13 14 18 9 11 11
170965_Ferguson 13 23 15 11 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 31 15 8-10 11 11 26 14 20 27 11-14-15-15 11 10 19-20 14 16 16 20 33-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21-22 15 12 12 12 16 9 14 26 21 9 13 12 13 11 12 13 11                                                                                        
48274_Griffin 13 23 15 11 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 31 15 8-10 11 11 26 14 20 27 11-14-15-15 11 10 19-20 14 16 16 20 33-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21-22 15 12 12 12 16 9 14 26 21 9 13 12 13 11 12 13 11 31 14 8 15 11 23 27 19 11 11 12 10 13 9 12 11 10 11 12 33 10 13 23 14 11 11 26 15 20 14 22 15 11 14 26 12 20 18 13 14 18 9 11 11
109559_Griffin 13 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 31 15 8-10 11 11 26 14 20 27 11-14-15-15 11 10 19-20 14 16 16 19 33-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21-22 15 12 12 12 16 9 14 26 21 9 13 12 13 11 12 13 11                                                                                        
N19514_Griffin 13 23 15 11 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 31 15 8-10 11 11 26 14 20 27 11-14-15-15 11 10 19-20 14 16 16 20 33-36 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 11 9 12 21-22 15 12 12 12 16 9 14 25 21 9 13 12 13 11 12 13 11                                                                                        
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID R
o
o
t
s
-
9
1
4
2
7
1
5
9
6
8
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
0
9
6
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
8
2
7
4

G
r
i
f
f
i
n
1
0
9
5
5
9

G
r
i
f
f
i
n
N
1
9
5
1
4

G
r
i
f
f
i
n
Roots-91427 62 11 11 11 10 11
159685_Ferguson 11 111 1 2 2 1
170965_Ferguson 11 1 67 1 3 2
48274_Griffin 11 2 1 111 2 1
109559_Griffin 10 2 3 2 67 3
N19514_Griffin 11 1 2 1 3 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID R
o
o
t
s
-
9
1
4
2
7
1
5
9
6
8
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
0
9
6
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
8
2
7
4

G
r
i
f
f
i
n
1
0
9
5
5
9

G
r
i
f
f
i
n
N
1
9
5
1
4

G
r
i
f
f
i
n
Roots-91427 62 33-87 33-87 33-87 29-80 33-87
159685_Ferguson 33-87 111 1-15 1-11 2-19 1-15
170965_Ferguson 33-87 1-15 67 1-15 4-23 2-19
48274_Griffin 33-87 1-11 1-15 111 2-19 1-15
109559_Griffin 29-80 2-19 4-23 2-19 67 4-23
N19514_Griffin 33-87 1-15 2-19 1-15 4-23 67
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Probably UnRelated
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0019 to 0.0026
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG


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