The Fergus(s)on herein are a subgroup of I2-L126 Isles/Sc and are characterized by DYS464d=16. They have been subdivided into a set of branches defined by terminal SNP and then subdivided by shared STR.
Branch SNP STR
F2 BY3819, BY3822 DYS393=14, DYS391 =10
F3 BY3819, BY3822, Y20072 DYS490=10
F4 BY3819, BY3822, Y20072, BY3821  
F4.4 BY3819, BY3822, Y20072, BY3821 YCA=19,20
F4.6 BY3819, BY3822, Y20072, BY3821 DYS390 = 23, DYS458 = 28
F4.8 BY3819, BY3822, Y20072, BY3821 DYS455=12
F5 BY3819, BY3822, Y20072, BY3821, A11741  

NGSTests

The tables and diagram below summarizes the testing that has been done. Everyone who has tested is Y4750+, BY3819+. It is assumed that everyone within Isles/Sc-16 is Y4750+, BY3819+. The blue blocks reveal the branch structure and which are labeled as FX.Y where:

NGS Table 1
  • X - denotes the number of derived SNP in the branch from the set of 5 in bold/black font.
  • Y - denotes a cluster within X based on shared STR
  • Grey Font - exploratory SNP
Kit Test I-M223
Project
YFULL ID YFULL Group Branch   A9406/BY3819 A9404/BY3822 A9405/Y20072 A9403/BY3821 A11471   A9402/BY3820 Y22518
Fergus(s)on I-M223 7781468 17435294 21560921 17311614 7208963   13655362 23471022
211477 BigY   YF05954 Yes   F2 + + - - -   + +
124767 BigY   YF09363 Yes Yes F2 + + - - -   + +
16810 BigY Yes YF05899 Yes Yes F3 + + + - -   + +
257851 BigY Yes YF05104 Yes Yes F4 + + + + -   + +
17426 BigY Yes YF06555 Yes Yes F4 + + + + -   + +
284568 BigY Yes YF01940   Yes F4.4 + + + + -   + +
75126 BigY Yes YF06679 Yes Yes F4.6 + + + + -   + +
84968 YSEQ Yes NA NA NA F4.6 NA + NA + -   NA NA
113655 YSEQ Yes NA NA NA F4.6 + + + + -   NA NA
121578 BigY Yes YF07500 Yes Yes F4.8 + + + + -   + +
199741 BigY Yes YF07809 Yes Yes F5 + + + + +   + +
204544 BigY   YF05911 Yes Yes F5 + + + + +   + +
204552 BigY   YF06840 Yes   F5 + + + + +   + +
+  reported positive by FTDNA or YSEQ
-  reported negative by FTDNA or YSEQ
+  project read from bam file
-  project read from bam file
-  YFULL read from bam file
A9402/BY3820 is in centomeric GGAAT repeat region
Y22518 is flanked by a homopolymer; YSEQ can't provide stable primers.


The table below is an exploratory table to see how the large number of STR derived from NGS testing might be used to better define relatedness. The numbers right of the diagonal are the genetic distance and the number of markers in common. Left of the diagonal is the TMRCA bound by the 2.5% to 97.5% confidence limit.

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations) Genetic Distance : Common Markers
Kit YFULL ID YF05954 YF05899 YF05104 YF06555 YF01940 YF06679 YF07809 YF05911 YF06840 YF07500
211477 YF05954 431 38 : 411 36 : 410 36 : 404 35 : 401 41 : 406 28 : 387 30 : 413 31 : 409 40 : 394
16810 YF05899 19.4 ± 6.5 500 27 : 405 31 : 405 37 : 399 33 : 404 26 : 383 28 : 409 28 : 407 35 : 391
257851 YF05104 18.4 ± 6.5 13.8 ± 5.5 500 19 : 402 30 : 401 27 : 400 17 : 383 18 : 410 19 : 405 37 : 388
17426 YF06555 17.9 ± 6 15.3 ± 5.5 9.3 ± 4.5 500 33 : 396 28 : 402 19 : 381 20 : 405 25 : 404 37 : 385
284568 YF01940 18.1 ± 6 19.5 ± 6.5 15.6 ± 5.5 16.7 ± 6 430 28 : 394 30 : 375 29 : 403 29 : 394 34 : 388
75126 YF06679 20.5 ± 6.5 16.4 ± 5.5 13.4 ± 5.5 13.9 ± 5.5 14.2 ± 5.5 500 29 : 377 32 : 407 34 : 401 37 : 389
199741 YF07809 14.4 ± 5.5 13.5 ± 5.5 8.7 ± 4.5 9.8 ± 5 16 ± 6 15.4 ± 5.5 500 12 : 390 11 : 388 30 : 377
204544 YF05911 15.1 ± 6 14.2 ± 5.5 9 ± 4.5 9.7 ± 4.5 14.9 ± 6 15.7 ± 5.5 6 ± 4 500 10 : 409 32 : 393
204552 YF06840 15.2 ± 5.5 13.7 ± 5.5 9.2 ± 4.5 12.3 ± 5 14.7 ± 5.5 17 ± 6 5.5 ± 3.5 4.8 ± 3.5 500 33 : 386
121578 YF07500 20.6 ± 6.5 18 ± 6 19.3 ± 6.5 19.4 ± 6.5 17.6 ± 6.5 19.2 ± 6.5 15.9 ± 6 16.3 ± 6 17.2 ± 6 500
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- TMRCA is the Maximum Likelihood Estimate bound by the 2.5% to 97.5% confidence interval
- Average mutation rate: 0.0025
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Phylo Diagram

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
1
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
-
2
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
modal 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 32 11 13 22 14 11 10 22 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
SMGF100_Ferguson 15 24 15 16 8-9 11 11 15 27 11-11-14-16 14 12 14 10 12 32 11 13 22 14 11 19 11
124767_Ferguson 14 24 15 12 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10
211477_Forgey 14 24 15 11 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 20 18 31-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 15 11 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 11 11 12 29 14 8 15 11 23 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 32 11 13 14 10 10 20 15 21 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
215267_Forgey 14 24 15 11 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 20 18 31-37 12 11
216050_Forgy 14 24 15 11 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-17 11 10 19-21 15 14 20 18 31-37 12 10
N33035_Forgie 14 24 15 11 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 25 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 18 18 31-37 12 10
402409_Ferguson 15 24 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-10 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 19 31-37 11 10
315917_Ferguson 15 24 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-10 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 10 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
49931_Ferguson 15 24 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-37 13 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 10 18 9 15 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
16810_Ferguson 15 24 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 17 11 12 10 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 28 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 10 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 32 11 13 22 14 11 10 21 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 11 11
257851_Ferguson 15 24 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 13 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 32 11 13 22 15 11 10 22 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
17426_Ferguson 15 24 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 30-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 13 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 15 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 31 11 12 22 14 11 10 23 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
N39772_Ferguson 15 24 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 30-37 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 13 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 17 9 15 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 31 11 12 22 14 11 10 24 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
284568_Ferguson 15 23 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-20 14 14 19 18 32-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 24 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 33 11 13 22 14 11 10 20 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
229719_Ferguson 15 23 16 10 15-17 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-8 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-14-16-16 11 10 19-20 14 14 19 18 32-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 33 11 13 22 14 11 10 22 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
173397_Ferguson 15 23 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-20 14 14 18 18 32-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 33 11 13 22 14 11 10 25 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
456347_Ferguson 15 23 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-20 14 14 19 18 33-38 12 10
73280_Ferguson 15 23 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 15 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-20 14 13 19 18 32-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 17 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
91583_Ferguson 15 23 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 15 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-20 14 13 19 18 32-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
526257_Ferguson 15 23 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 15 12 31 15 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-20 14 13 19 17 32-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 19 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
79812_Ferguson 15 23 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 17 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-20 14 14 19 18 32-38 12 10
356099_Miller 15 23 16 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-20 14 14 19 18 32-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 12 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
113655_Gibbon 15 22 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 17 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 20 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 25 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 8 11 11 10 10 12 33 11 13 22 14 11 10 23 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
252825_Barber 15 22 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 17 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 20 18 31-38 12 10
84968_Fergusson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 11 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 33 11 13 22 14 11 10 22 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
N20809_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10
148383_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 27 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
277873_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-15 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 30-38 12 10
75126_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-39 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
108417_Fergusson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 29 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-40 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 11 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
182729_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 13 12 29 16 8-9 11 11 25 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 15 25 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
149047_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 13 12 29 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 18 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 25 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
70865_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 12 13 12 29 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 21 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
121578_Ferguson 16 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 12 14 12 30 16 8-9 12 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 10 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 32-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 16 11 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 11 11 12 29 14 8 15 11 23 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 11 13 22 14 10 10 21 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 13 17 9 13 11
133709_Fergusson 14 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 12 11 25 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 20 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 17 9 14 26 21 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11
213493_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 12 11 26 15 20 29 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10
306183_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 12 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 30-38 12 10
439777_Ferguson 15 23 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 12 11 26 15 20 28 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 33 11 13 22 14 11 10 22 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 13 11
204544_Ferguson 15 24 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-39 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 19 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 32 11 13 22 14 11 10 26 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
204552_Ferguson 15 24 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 32 11 13 22 14 11 10 22 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
199741_Ferguson 15 24 15 10 15-16 11 13 11 14 12 30 16 8-9 11 11 26 15 20 27 11-11-14-16 11 10 19-21 14 14 19 18 31-38 12 10 11 8 15-16 8 12 10 8 10 9 0 19-21 16 11 12 12 18 9 14 26 20 10 13 11 13 11 11 12 11 29 14 8 15 11 23 28 19 11 11 11 11 11 9 11 11 10 10 12 32 11 13 22 14 11 10 23 15 22 11 24 17 11 14 24 12 19 19 11 14 17 9 12 11
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID m
o
d
a
l
S
M
G
F
1
0
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
2
4
7
6
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
1
1
4
7
7

F
o
r
g
e
y
2
1
5
2
6
7

F
o
r
g
e
y
2
1
6
0
5
0

F
o
r
g
y
N
3
3
0
3
5

F
o
r
g
i
e
4
0
2
4
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
1
5
9
1
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
9
9
3
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
6
8
1
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
5
7
8
5
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
4
2
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
N
3
9
7
7
2

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
8
4
5
6
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
2
9
7
1
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
3
3
9
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
5
6
3
4
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
7
3
2
8
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
9
1
5
8
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
5
2
6
2
5
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
7
9
8
1
2

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
5
6
0
9
9

M
i
l
l
e
r
1
1
3
6
5
5

G
i
b
b
o
n
2
5
2
8
2
5

B
a
r
b
e
r
8
4
9
6
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
N
2
0
8
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
8
3
8
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
7
7
8
7
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
7
5
1
2
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
0
8
4
1
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
1
8
2
7
2
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
9
0
4
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
7
0
8
6
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
2
1
5
7
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
3
3
7
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
2
1
3
4
9
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
0
6
1
8
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
3
9
7
7
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
0
4
5
4
4

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
0
4
5
5
2

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
9
9
7
4
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
modal 110 3 5 11 7 8 7 5 5 6 10 5 9 11 7 7 8 3 7 5 8 4 4 8 3 3 0 1 2 2 3 4 3 4 10 6 2 2 3 8 2 3
SMGF100_Ferguson 3 27 1 3 1 3 1 3 2 3 0 3 5 5 5 7 5 3 3 4 4 4 3 6 4 4 2 2 2 2 3 3 2 2 6 4 4 3 6 1 1 1
124767_Ferguson 5 1 37 3 4 5 4 8 6 6 4 4 5 5 8 11 9 8 9 10 12 9 8 8 8 6 5 5 7 6 7 7 7 9 9 7 7 7 6 4 3 3
211477_Forgey 11 3 3 100 1 2 3 7 6 7 11 10 15 17 13 17 18 8 11 11 14 9 10 17 7 14 6 8 7 8 9 11 10 9 14 9 8 7 14 14 9 10
215267_Forgey 7 1 4 1 37 3 4 8 6 6 4 4 6 6 9 12 10 9 10 11 13 10 9 8 8 8 7 7 8 7 8 9 9 9 10 7 9 8 8 5 5 5
216050_Forgy 8 3 5 2 3 37 5 9 7 7 5 5 7 7 10 12 11 10 11 12 14 11 10 9 9 9 8 8 9 8 9 10 10 10 11 8 10 9 9 6 6 6
N33035_Forgie 7 1 4 3 4 5 37 8 6 6 4 4 6 6 9 12 8 9 10 11 13 10 9 10 10 8 7 7 8 7 8 7 7 11 10 7 9 8 8 5 5 5
402409_Ferguson 5 3 8 7 8 9 8 37 2 4 4 4 6 6 7 9 8 7 10 9 11 8 7 8 8 6 5 5 6 5 6 7 7 9 10 9 7 6 6 5 5 5
315917_Ferguson 5 2 6 6 6 7 6 2 66 3 3 5 8 9 7 9 8 5 11 9 12 6 8 10 6 7 3 6 4 6 7 9 8 9 8 11 5 4 6 6 5 5
49931_Ferguson 6 3 6 7 6 7 6 4 3 66 4 6 7 8 8 11 9 5 12 10 13 6 9 11 6 8 3 7 4 7 8 8 9 10 9 12 5 4 7 7 6 6
16810_Ferguson 10 0 4 11 4 5 4 4 3 4 110 9 14 16 14 16 17 5 10 10 13 6 9 18 6 13 3 7 4 7 8 10 9 10 13 12 5 4 13 13 8 9
257851_Ferguson 5 3 4 10 4 5 4 4 5 6 9 110 9 11 11 11 12 5 8 8 11 6 7 13 6 8 3 5 4 5 6 8 7 8 12 10 5 4 8 8 3 4
17426_Ferguson 9 5 5 15 6 7 6 6 8 7 14 9 110 2 13 13 12 4 8 8 11 5 7 15 7 12 4 7 5 7 8 8 9 10 15 12 6 5 12 10 7 6
N39772_Ferguson 11 5 5 17 6 7 6 6 9 8 16 11 2 110 15 15 12 4 7 9 12 5 8 17 7 14 4 8 5 8 9 9 10 11 17 11 6 5 14 10 9 8
284568_Ferguson 7 5 8 13 9 10 9 7 7 8 14 11 13 15 110 6 7 1 4 2 5 1 1 13 6 8 3 4 4 4 5 7 6 7 12 9 5 4 8 14 9 10
229719_Ferguson 7 7 11 17 12 12 12 9 9 11 16 11 13 15 6 112 7 4 7 5 8 4 4 13 9 8 6 7 6 7 8 10 9 10 14 12 8 7 8 14 9 10
173397_Ferguson 8 5 9 18 10 11 8 8 8 9 17 12 12 12 7 7 110 2 5 3 6 2 2 12 7 9 4 5 5 5 6 8 5 8 15 10 6 5 9 9 10 9
456347_Ferguson 3 3 8 8 9 10 9 7 5 5 5 5 4 4 1 4 2 37 4 3 5 2 1 6 6 4 3 3 4 3 4 5 5 7 8 7 5 4 4 5 5 5
73280_Ferguson 7 3 9 11 10 11 10 10 11 12 10 8 8 7 4 7 5 4 66 2 5 4 5 12 9 9 6 8 7 8 9 11 10 11 9 11 8 7 8 8 7 7
91583_Ferguson 5 4 10 11 11 12 11 9 9 10 10 8 8 9 2 5 3 3 2 66 3 3 3 10 8 7 5 6 6 6 7 9 8 9 9 11 7 6 6 8 7 7
526257_Ferguson 8 4 12 14 13 14 13 11 12 13 13 11 11 12 5 8 6 5 5 3 66 5 6 13 10 10 7 9 8 9 10 12 11 12 12 14 9 8 9 9 10 10
79812_Ferguson 4 4 9 9 10 11 10 8 6 6 6 6 5 5 1 4 2 2 4 3 5 37 1 5 5 5 4 4 5 4 5 6 6 8 8 8 6 5 5 6 6 6
356099_Miller 4 3 8 10 9 10 9 7 8 9 9 7 7 8 1 4 2 1 5 3 6 1 66 9 6 6 3 5 4 5 6 8 7 8 8 10 5 4 5 7 6 6
113655_Gibbon 8 6 8 17 8 9 10 8 10 11 18 13 15 17 13 13 12 6 12 10 13 5 9 110 0 7 3 6 5 5 6 7 6 7 17 9 5 5 9 14 10 9
252825_Barber 3 4 8 7 8 9 10 8 6 6 6 6 7 7 6 9 7 6 9 8 10 5 6 0 37 4 3 3 5 4 5 5 5 5 9 5 5 5 4 6 5 5
84968_Fergusson 3 4 6 14 8 9 8 6 7 8 13 8 12 14 8 8 9 4 9 7 10 5 6 7 4 110 1 3 3 2 3 6 5 6 12 8 3 3 4 11 5 6
N20809_Ferguson 0 2 5 6 7 8 7 5 3 3 3 3 4 4 3 6 4 3 6 5 7 4 3 3 3 1 37 0 2 1 2 2 2 4 6 4 2 2 1 3 2 2
148383_Ferguson 1 2 5 8 7 8 7 5 6 7 7 5 7 8 4 7 5 3 8 6 9 4 5 6 3 3 0 66 2 3 4 5 4 5 7 7 2 2 2 5 3 3
277873_Ferguson 2 2 7 7 8 9 8 6 4 4 4 4 5 5 4 6 5 4 7 6 8 5 4 5 5 3 2 2 37 2 3 4 4 6 7 6 4 2 3 4 4 4
75126_Ferguson 2 2 6 8 7 8 7 5 6 7 7 5 7 8 4 7 5 3 8 6 9 4 5 5 4 2 1 3 2 66 2 6 5 6 7 8 3 2 3 4 4 4
108417_Fergusson 3 3 7 9 8 9 8 6 7 8 8 6 8 9 5 8 6 4 9 7 10 5 6 6 5 3 2 4 3 2 66 7 6 7 8 9 2 3 4 6 5 5
182729_Ferguson 4 3 7 11 9 10 7 7 9 8 10 8 8 9 7 10 8 5 11 9 12 6 8 7 5 6 2 5 4 6 7 66 3 6 10 8 4 4 5 8 6 6
149047_Ferguson 3 2 7 10 9 10 7 7 8 9 9 7 9 10 6 9 5 5 10 8 11 6 7 6 5 5 2 4 4 5 6 3 66 5 9 9 4 4 4 7 5 5
70865_Ferguson 4 2 9 9 9 10 11 9 9 10 10 8 10 11 7 10 8 7 11 9 12 8 8 7 5 6 4 5 6 6 7 6 5 66 8 8 6 6 5 8 6 6
121578_Ferguson 10 6 9 14 10 11 10 10 8 9 13 12 15 17 12 14 15 8 9 9 12 8 8 17 9 12 6 7 7 7 8 10 9 8 101 10 6 5 8 15 10 11
133709_Fergusson 6 4 7 9 7 8 7 9 11 12 12 10 12 11 9 12 10 7 11 11 14 8 10 9 5 8 4 7 6 8 9 8 9 8 10 66 4 4 5 10 8 8
213493_Ferguson 2 4 7 8 9 10 9 7 5 5 5 5 6 6 5 8 6 5 8 7 9 6 5 5 5 3 2 2 4 3 2 4 4 6 6 4 37 2 1 5 4 4
306183_Ferguson 2 3 7 7 8 9 8 6 4 4 4 4 5 5 4 7 5 4 7 6 8 5 4 5 5 3 2 2 2 2 3 4 4 6 5 4 2 37 1 4 4 4
439777_Ferguson 3 6 6 14 8 9 8 6 6 7 13 8 12 14 8 8 9 4 8 6 9 5 5 9 4 4 1 2 3 3 4 5 4 5 8 5 1 1 110 11 5 6
204544_Ferguson 8 1 4 14 5 6 5 5 6 7 13 8 10 10 14 14 9 5 8 8 9 6 7 14 6 11 3 5 4 4 6 8 7 8 15 10 5 4 11 110 6 5
204552_Ferguson 2 1 3 9 5 6 5 5 5 6 8 3 7 9 9 9 10 5 7 7 10 6 6 10 5 5 2 3 4 4 5 6 5 6 10 8 4 4 5 6 110 1
199741_Ferguson 3 1 3 10 5 6 5 5 5 6 9 4 6 8 10 10 9 5 7 7 10 6 6 9 5 6 2 3 4 4 5 6 5 6 11 8 4 4 6 5 1 110
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Pairwise Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID m
o
d
a
l
S
M
G
F
1
0
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
2
4
7
6
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
1
1
4
7
7

F
o
r
g
e
y
2
1
5
2
6
7

F
o
r
g
e
y
2
1
6
0
5
0

F
o
r
g
y
N
3
3
0
3
5

F
o
r
g
i
e
4
0
2
4
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
1
5
9
1
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
9
9
3
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
6
8
1
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
5
7
8
5
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
4
2
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
N
3
9
7
7
2

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
8
4
5
6
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
2
9
7
1
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
3
3
9
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
5
6
3
4
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
7
3
2
8
0

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
9
1
5
8
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
5
2
6
2
5
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
7
9
8
1
2

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
5
6
0
9
9

M
i
l
l
e
r
1
1
3
6
5
5

G
i
b
b
o
n
2
5
2
8
2
5

B
a
r
b
e
r
8
4
9
6
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
N
2
0
8
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
8
3
8
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
7
7
8
7
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
7
5
1
2
6

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
0
8
4
1
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
1
8
2
7
2
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
4
9
0
4
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
7
0
8
6
5

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
2
1
5
7
8

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
3
3
7
0
9

F
e
r
g
u
s
s
o
n
2
1
3
4
9
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
3
0
6
1
8
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
4
3
9
7
7
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
0
4
5
4
4

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
2
0
4
5
5
2

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
9
9
7
4
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
modal 110 10-60 8-37 12-32 17-55 20-62 17-55 11-43 6-27 8-32 10-28 4-19 10-28 11-31 6-21 7-23 6-21 5-31 12-40 8-32 14-45 8-37 6-27 8-26 5-31 2-14 0-11 1-15 3-24 2-19 4-23 6-27 4-23 4-23 12-32 10-36 3-24 3-24 2-14 4-19 1-11 2-14
SMGF100_Ferguson 10-60 27 4-54 11-61 4-54 17-94 4-54 17-94 8-63 14-81 0-22 10-60 21-84 21-84 21-84 30-100 21-84 17-94 14-81 21-99 21-99 25-116 14-81 21-84 17-94 15-72 10-74 8-63 10-74 8-63 8-63 14-81 8-63 8-63 21-87 21-99 17-94 17-94 21-84 3-35 3-35 3-35
124767_Ferguson 8-37 4-54 37 5-31 8-37 11-43 8-37 17-55 11-43 11-43 5-31 5-31 8-37 8-37 17-55 26-71 20-62 17-55 20-62 23-68 31-82 20-62 17-55 13-49 13-49 11-43 8-37 8-37 13-49 11-43 11-43 13-49 13-49 17-55 17-55 13-49 11-43 13-49 11-43 5-31 3-24 3-24
211477_Forgey 12-32 11-61 5-31 100 1-19 3-24 3-24 17-55 10-38 13-42 12-32 10-29 16-40 18-42 16-40 21-46 16-40 20-62 23-61 23-61 32-76 23-68 20-56 18-42 13-49 16-40 13-49 15-47 17-55 15-47 15-47 23-61 18-52 18-52 16-40 18-52 17-55 17-55 16-40 10-29 9-27 9-27
215267_Forgey 17-55 4-54 8-37 1-19 37 5-31 5-31 20-62 13-49 13-49 8-37 8-37 13-49 13-49 23-68 33-84 23-68 23-68 27-75 31-82 39-97 27-75 23-68 17-55 17-55 20-62 17-55 17-55 20-62 17-55 17-55 23-68 20-62 23-68 23-68 17-55 20-62 20-62 20-62 11-43 11-43 11-43
216050_Forgy 20-62 17-94 11-43 3-24 5-31 37 8-37 23-68 17-55 17-55 11-43 11-43 17-55 17-55 27-75 33-84 27-75 27-75 31-82 35-89 44-105 31-82 27-75 20-62 20-62 23-68 20-62 20-62 23-68 20-62 20-62 27-75 23-68 27-75 27-75 20-62 23-68 23-68 23-68 13-49 13-49 13-49
N33035_Forgie 17-55 4-54 8-37 3-24 5-31 8-37 37 20-62 13-49 13-49 8-37 8-37 13-49 13-49 23-68 33-84 20-62 23-68 27-75 31-82 39-97 27-75 23-68 20-62 20-62 20-62 17-55 17-55 20-62 17-55 17-55 17-55 17-55 23-68 23-68 13-49 20-62 20-62 20-62 11-43 11-43 11-43
402409_Ferguson 11-43 17-94 17-55 17-55 20-62 23-68 20-62 37 3-24 5-31 8-37 8-37 13-49 13-49 17-55 22-64 20-62 17-55 27-75 23-68 27-75 20-62 17-55 17-55 17-55 13-49 11-43 11-43 13-49 11-43 13-49 17-55 17-55 20-62 27-75 23-68 17-55 13-49 13-49 11-43 11-43 11-43
315917_Ferguson 6-27 8-63 11-43 10-38 13-49 17-55 13-49 3-24 66 4-23 4-23 6-27 12-40 14-45 10-36 14-43 12-40 11-43 19-53 14-45 22-58 13-49 12-40 14-45 11-43 10-36 5-31 8-32 8-37 8-32 10-36 14-45 12-40 12-40 15-47 19-53 11-43 8-37 8-32 8-32 6-27 6-27
49931_Ferguson 8-32 14-81 11-43 13-42 13-49 17-55 13-49 5-31 4-23 66 6-27 6-27 10-36 12-40 12-40 19-51 14-45 11-43 22-58 17-49 25-62 13-49 14-45 17-49 11-43 12-40 5-31 10-36 8-37 10-36 12-40 12-40 14-45 14-45 18-52 22-58 11-43 8-37 10-36 10-36 8-32 8-32
16810_Ferguson 10-28 0-22 5-31 12-32 8-37 11-43 8-37 8-37 4-23 6-27 110 8-26 14-35 15-38 15-38 18-42 15-38 11-43 17-49 17-49 25-62 13-49 14-45 19-43 11-43 14-35 5-31 10-36 8-37 10-36 10-36 17-49 14-45 14-45 15-37 22-58 8-37 8-37 12-33 8-26 7-23 7-23
257851_Ferguson 4-19 10-60 5-31 10-29 8-37 11-43 8-37 8-37 6-27 6-27 8-26 110 8-26 10-28 11-31 12-32 11-31 11-43 14-45 14-45 22-58 13-49 12-40 14-35 11-43 8-26 5-31 8-32 8-37 8-32 8-32 12-40 12-40 12-40 15-37 19-53 8-37 8-37 8-26 4-19 2-14 3-16
17426_Ferguson 10-28 21-84 8-37 16-40 13-49 17-55 13-49 13-49 12-40 10-36 14-35 8-26 110 1-11 11-31 14-35 11-31 8-37 14-45 14-45 22-58 11-43 12-40 14-35 13-49 11-31 8-37 12-40 11-43 10-36 10-36 14-45 17-49 17-49 18-42 25-62 11-43 11-43 12-33 8-26 7-23 6-21
N39772_Ferguson 11-31 21-84 8-37 18-42 13-49 17-55 13-49 13-49 14-45 12-40 15-38 10-28 1-11 110 12-33 15-37 12-33 8-37 12-40 17-49 22-58 11-43 14-45 17-40 13-49 12-33 8-37 14-45 11-43 12-40 12-40 17-49 19-53 19-53 19-45 22-58 11-43 11-43 14-35 8-26 8-26 8-26
284568_Ferguson 6-21 21-84 17-55 16-40 23-68 27-75 23-68 17-55 10-36 12-40 15-38 11-31 11-31 12-33 110 4-18 2-14 1-19 6-27 2-19 8-32 1-19 1-15 12-33 13-49 7-23 5-31 6-27 8-37 6-27 8-32 12-40 10-36 10-36 15-37 17-49 11-43 8-37 7-23 10-28 8-26 8-26
229719_Ferguson 7-23 30-100 26-71 21-46 33-84 33-84 33-84 22-64 14-43 19-51 18-42 12-32 14-35 15-37 4-18 112 4-18 7-35 12-39 8-31 14-43 7-35 6-26 15-37 22-64 8-25 13-46 12-39 13-46 12-39 14-43 19-51 16-47 16-47 17-41 24-60 19-58 16-52 8-25 12-32 9-28 11-30
173397_Ferguson 6-21 21-84 20-62 16-40 23-68 27-75 20-62 20-62 12-40 14-45 15-38 11-31 11-31 12-33 2-14 4-18 110 3-24 8-32 4-23 10-36 3-24 2-19 11-31 13-49 7-23 8-37 8-32 11-43 8-32 10-36 14-45 8-32 10-36 15-37 17-49 13-49 11-43 7-23 10-28 8-26 8-26
456347_Ferguson 5-31 17-94 17-55 20-62 23-68 27-75 23-68 17-55 11-43 11-43 11-43 11-43 8-37 8-37 1-19 7-35 3-24 37 8-37 5-31 11-43 3-24 1-19 13-49 13-49 8-37 5-31 5-31 8-37 5-31 8-37 11-43 11-43 13-49 20-62 17-55 11-43 8-37 8-37 11-43 11-43 11-43
73280_Ferguson 12-40 14-81 20-62 23-61 27-75 31-82 27-75 27-75 19-53 22-58 17-49 14-45 14-45 12-40 6-27 12-39 8-32 8-37 66 2-19 6-27 5-31 8-32 22-58 20-62 17-49 13-49 14-45 17-55 14-45 14-45 22-58 19-53 19-53 18-52 22-58 17-55 17-55 14-45 12-40 12-40 12-40
91583_Ferguson 8-32 21-99 23-68 23-61 31-82 35-89 31-82 23-68 14-45 17-49 17-49 14-45 14-45 17-49 2-19 8-31 4-23 5-31 2-19 66 4-23 3-24 4-23 17-49 17-55 12-40 11-43 10-36 13-49 10-36 12-40 17-49 14-45 14-45 18-52 22-58 17-55 13-49 10-36 14-45 12-40 12-40
526257_Ferguson 14-45 21-99 31-82 32-76 39-97 44-105 39-97 27-75 22-58 25-62 25-62 22-58 22-58 22-58 8-32 14-43 10-36 11-43 6-27 4-23 66 8-37 10-36 25-62 23-68 19-53 17-55 17-49 20-62 17-49 19-53 22-58 19-53 19-53 26-66 27-67 23-68 20-62 17-49 17-49 19-53 19-53
79812_Ferguson 8-37 25-116 20-62 23-68 27-75 31-82 27-75 20-62 13-49 13-49 13-49 13-49 11-43 11-43 1-19 7-35 3-24 3-24 5-31 3-24 8-37 37 1-19 11-43 11-43 11-43 8-37 8-37 11-43 8-37 11-43 13-49 13-49 17-55 20-62 20-62 13-49 11-43 11-43 13-49 13-49 13-49
356099_Miller 6-27 14-81 17-55 20-56 23-68 27-75 23-68 17-55 12-40 14-45 14-45 12-40 12-40 14-45 1-15 6-26 2-19 1-19 8-32 4-23 10-36 1-19 66 17-49 13-49 10-36 5-31 8-32 8-37 8-32 10-36 14-45 12-40 12-40 15-47 19-53 11-43 8-37 8-32 12-40 10-36 10-36
113655_Gibbon 8-26 21-84 13-49 18-42 17-55 20-62 20-62 17-55 14-45 17-49 19-43 14-35 14-35 17-40 12-33 15-37 11-31 13-49 22-58 17-49 25-62 11-43 17-49 110 0-11 7-23 5-31 8-32 11-43 8-32 10-36 12-40 8-32 12-40 21-47 17-49 11-43 11-43 10-28 12-33 10-28 8-26
252825_Barber 5-31 17-94 13-49 13-49 17-55 20-62 20-62 17-55 11-43 11-43 11-43 11-43 13-49 13-49 13-49 22-64 13-49 13-49 20-62 17-55 23-68 11-43 13-49 0-11 37 8-37 5-31 5-31 11-43 8-37 11-43 11-43 8-37 11-43 23-68 11-43 11-43 11-43 8-37 11-43 8-37 8-37
84968_Fergusson 2-14 15-72 11-43 16-40 20-62 23-68 20-62 13-49 10-36 12-40 14-35 8-26 11-31 12-33 7-23 8-25 7-23 8-37 17-49 12-40 19-53 11-43 10-36 7-23 8-37 110 1-19 4-23 5-31 2-19 4-23 10-36 8-32 8-32 15-37 14-45 5-31 5-31 3-16 8-26 4-19 6-21
N20809_Ferguson 0-11 10-74 8-37 13-49 17-55 20-62 17-55 11-43 5-31 5-31 5-31 5-31 8-37 8-37 5-31 13-46 8-37 5-31 13-49 11-43 17-55 8-37 5-31 5-31 5-31 1-19 37 0-11 3-24 1-19 3-24 3-24 3-24 5-31 13-49 8-37 3-24 3-24 1-19 5-31 3-24 3-24
148383_Ferguson 1-15 8-63 8-37 15-47 17-55 20-62 17-55 11-43 8-32 10-36 10-36 8-32 12-40 14-45 6-27 12-39 8-32 5-31 14-45 10-36 17-49 8-37 8-32 8-32 5-31 4-23 0-11 66 3-24 4-23 6-27 6-27 4-23 6-27 13-42 12-40 3-24 3-24 2-19 8-32 4-23 4-23
277873_Ferguson 3-24 10-74 13-49 17-55 20-62 23-68 20-62 13-49 8-37 8-37 8-37 8-37 11-43 11-43 8-37 13-46 11-43 8-37 17-55 13-49 20-62 11-43 8-37 11-43 11-43 5-31 3-24 3-24 37 3-24 5-31 8-37 8-37 11-43 17-55 13-49 8-37 3-24 5-31 8-37 8-37 8-37
75126_Ferguson 2-19 8-63 11-43 15-47 17-55 20-62 17-55 11-43 8-32 10-36 10-36 8-32 10-36 12-40 6-27 12-39 8-32 5-31 14-45 10-36 17-49 8-37 8-32 8-32 8-37 2-19 1-19 4-23 3-24 66 2-19 10-36 8-32 8-32 13-42 14-45 5-31 3-24 4-23 6-27 6-27 6-27
108417_Fergusson 4-23 8-63 11-43 15-47 17-55 20-62 17-55 13-49 10-36 12-40 10-36 8-32 10-36 12-40 8-32 14-43 10-36 8-37 14-45 12-40 19-53 11-43 10-36 10-36 11-43 4-23 3-24 6-27 5-31 2-19 66 12-40 10-36 10-36 13-42 17-49 3-24 5-31 6-27 8-32 6-27 6-27
182729_Ferguson 6-27 14-81 13-49 23-61 23-68 27-75 17-55 17-55 14-45 12-40 17-49 12-40 14-45 17-49 12-40 19-51 14-45 11-43 22-58 17-49 22-58 13-49 14-45 12-40 11-43 10-36 3-24 6-27 8-37 10-36 12-40 66 4-23 8-32 20-56 14-45 8-37 8-37 8-32 14-45 10-36 10-36
149047_Ferguson 4-23 8-63 13-49 18-52 20-62 23-68 17-55 17-55 12-40 14-45 14-45 12-40 17-49 19-53 10-36 16-47 8-32 11-43 19-53 14-45 19-53 13-49 12-40 8-32 8-37 8-32 3-24 4-23 8-37 8-32 10-36 4-23 66 4-23 18-52 14-45 8-37 8-37 6-27 12-40 8-32 8-32
70865_Ferguson 4-23 8-63 17-55 18-52 23-68 27-75 23-68 20-62 12-40 14-45 14-45 12-40 17-49 19-53 10-36 16-47 10-36 13-49 19-53 14-45 19-53 17-55 12-40 12-40 11-43 8-32 5-31 6-27 11-43 8-32 10-36 8-32 4-23 66 13-42 14-45 11-43 11-43 6-27 12-40 8-32 8-32
121578_Ferguson 12-32 21-87 17-55 16-40 23-68 27-75 23-68 27-75 15-47 18-52 15-37 15-37 18-42 19-45 15-37 17-41 15-37 20-62 18-52 18-52 26-66 20-62 15-47 21-47 23-68 15-37 13-49 13-42 17-55 13-42 13-42 20-56 18-52 13-42 101 18-52 11-43 11-43 9-27 13-34 12-32 12-32
133709_Fergusson 10-36 21-99 13-49 18-52 17-55 20-62 13-49 23-68 19-53 22-58 22-58 19-53 25-62 22-58 17-49 24-60 17-49 17-55 22-58 22-58 27-67 20-62 19-53 17-49 11-43 14-45 8-37 12-40 13-49 14-45 17-49 14-45 14-45 14-45 18-52 66 8-37 8-37 8-32 17-49 14-45 14-45
213493_Ferguson 3-24 17-94 11-43 17-55 20-62 23-68 20-62 17-55 11-43 11-43 8-37 8-37 11-43 11-43 11-43 19-58 13-49 11-43 17-55 17-55 23-68 13-49 11-43 11-43 11-43 5-31 3-24 3-24 8-37 5-31 3-24 8-37 8-37 11-43 11-43 8-37 37 3-24 1-19 8-37 5-31 5-31
306183_Ferguson 3-24 17-94 13-49 17-55 20-62 23-68 20-62 13-49 8-37 8-37 8-37 8-37 11-43 11-43 8-37 16-52 11-43 8-37 17-55 13-49 20-62 11-43 8-37 11-43 11-43 5-31 3-24 3-24 3-24 3-24 5-31 8-37 8-37 11-43 11-43 8-37 3-24 37 1-19 8-37 8-37 8-37
439777_Ferguson 2-14 21-84 11-43 16-40 20-62 23-68 20-62 13-49 8-32 10-36 12-33 8-26 12-33 14-35 7-23 8-25 7-23 8-37 14-45 10-36 17-49 11-43 8-32 10-28 8-37 3-16 1-19 2-19 5-31 4-23 6-27 8-32 6-27 6-27 9-27 8-32 1-19 1-19 110 8-26 4-19 6-21
204544_Ferguson 4-19 3-35 5-31 10-29 11-43 13-49 11-43 11-43 8-32 10-36 8-26 4-19 8-26 8-26 10-28 12-32 10-28 11-43 12-40 14-45 17-49 13-49 12-40 12-33 11-43 8-26 5-31 8-32 8-37 6-27 8-32 14-45 12-40 12-40 13-34 17-49 8-37 8-37 8-26 110 2-14 2-14
204552_Ferguson 1-11 3-35 3-24 9-27 11-43 13-49 11-43 11-43 6-27 8-32 7-23 2-14 7-23 8-26 8-26 9-28 8-26 11-43 12-40 12-40 19-53 13-49 10-36 10-28 8-37 4-19 3-24 4-23 8-37 6-27 6-27 10-36 8-32 8-32 12-32 14-45 5-31 8-37 4-19 2-14 110 1-10
199741_Ferguson 2-14 3-35 3-24 9-27 11-43 13-49 11-43 11-43 6-27 8-32 7-23 3-16 6-21 8-26 8-26 11-30 8-26 11-43 12-40 12-40 19-53 13-49 10-36 8-26 8-37 6-21 3-24 4-23 8-37 6-27 6-27 10-36 8-32 8-32 12-32 14-45 5-31 8-37 6-21 2-14 1-10 110
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Not Enough Data
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0026 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)
- Related means in a genealogical time frame as defined by ISOGG

Group TMRCA

The BY3819 haplotree and associated ages are depicted by YFULL

The TMRCA of the 6 haplotypes is estimated to be 800 years before present. YFULL assumes the average age of a testor is 60 and that there are 31.5 years per generation in a family tree. The TMRCA expressed in generations is then TMRCA = (800-60)/31.5 = 23 generations. The 5% to 95% confidence interval is 12 to 38.

The TMRCA of the group can be estimated independently using the variance method of Nordtvedt. For the same set of six 37 marker haplotypes the TMRCA is 17 ± 13 (two sigma). The 5% to 95% confidence interval is 4 to 30

Network Diagram

A network diagram connects different haplotypes in accordance with specific marker values. Any line that connects two haplotypes represent mutations in the markers that differ between the two and its length is the genetic distance. Where lines intersect at intermediate points between haplotypes, median vectors, an attempt has been made to account for missing haplotypes in the data set. Subclades or branches appear in these diagrams when haplotypes with similiar marker values are clustered together. The diagram below was constructed using Fluxus software and the reduced median method followed by median joining method. The markers are weighted by the inverse square root of the mutation rate. The computations require that all haplotypes have the same set of markers and thus the only persons with 67 markers are shown.

Kittler Test



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