Background information on this haplogroup may be found in a Wikipedia article. and persons therein are advised to join the Haplogroup E1b1a Project.

Haplotype Table

A modal haplotype is the set of markers corresponding to the most frequently observed values for each marker. The markers highlighted are said to be off modal and patterns in these markers distinguish one branch or family from another.
The E-M2 haplotype in the table below is a modal computed from data in the Haplogroup E1b1a Project
FTDNA Configuration - DNA Results Comparison
ID D
Y
S
3
9
3
D
Y
S
3
9
0
D
Y
S
1
9
D
Y
S
3
9
1
D
Y
S
3
8
5
D
Y
S
4
2
6
D
Y
S
3
8
8
D
Y
S
4
3
9
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
D
Y
S
3
9
2
D
Y
S
3
8
9
i
i
D
Y
S
4
5
8
D
Y
S
4
5
9
D
Y
S
4
5
5
D
Y
S
4
5
4
D
Y
S
4
4
7
D
Y
S
4
3
7
D
Y
S
4
4
8
D
Y
S
4
4
9
D
Y
S
4
6
4
D
Y
S
4
6
0
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
H
4
Y
C
A
I
I
D
Y
S
4
5
6
D
Y
S
6
0
7
D
Y
S
5
7
6
D
Y
S
5
7
0
C
D
Y
D
Y
S
4
4
2
D
Y
S
4
3
8
D
Y
S
5
3
1
D
Y
S
5
7
8
D
Y
F
3
9
5
S
1
D
Y
S
5
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
7
D
Y
S
6
4
1
D
Y
S
4
7
2
D
Y
F
4
0
6
S
1
D
Y
S
5
1
1
D
Y
S
4
2
5
D
Y
S
4
1
3
D
Y
S
5
5
7
D
Y
S
5
9
4
D
Y
S
4
3
6
D
Y
S
4
9
0
D
Y
S
5
3
4
D
Y
S
4
5
0
D
Y
S
4
4
4
D
Y
S
4
8
1
D
Y
S
5
2
0
D
Y
S
4
4
6
D
Y
S
6
1
7
D
Y
S
5
6
8
D
Y
S
4
8
7
D
Y
S
5
7
2
D
Y
S
6
4
0
D
Y
S
4
9
2
D
Y
S
5
6
5
D
Y
S
7
1
0
D
Y
S
4
8
5
D
Y
S
6
3
2
D
Y
S
4
9
5
D
Y
S
5
4
0
D
Y
S
7
1
4
D
Y
S
7
1
6
D
Y
S
7
1
7
D
Y
S
5
0
5
D
Y
S
5
5
6
D
Y
S
5
4
9
D
Y
S
5
8
9
D
Y
S
5
2
2
D
Y
S
4
9
4
D
Y
S
5
3
3
D
Y
S
6
3
6
D
Y
S
5
7
5
D
Y
S
6
3
8
D
Y
S
4
6
2
D
Y
S
4
5
2
D
Y
S
4
4
5
Y
-
G
A
T
A
-
A
1
0
D
Y
S
4
6
3
D
Y
S
4
4
1
Y
-
G
G
A
A
T
-
1
B
0
7
D
Y
S
5
2
5
D
Y
S
7
1
2
D
Y
S
5
9
3
D
Y
S
6
5
0
D
Y
S
5
3
2
D
Y
S
7
1
5
D
Y
S
5
0
4
D
Y
S
5
1
3
D
Y
S
5
6
1
D
Y
S
5
5
2
D
Y
S
7
2
6
D
Y
S
6
3
5
D
Y
S
5
8
7
D
Y
S
6
4
3
D
Y
S
4
9
7
D
Y
S
5
1
0
D
Y
S
4
3
4
D
Y
S
4
6
1
D
Y
S
4
3
5
E-M2 13 21 15 10 16-18 11 12 12 13 11 31 17 8- 9 11 11 27 14 21 31 13-16-16-17 11 10 19-19 15 13 17 19 33-34 11 11 10 8 16-16 8 10 10 8 10 10 12 20-22 18 11 12 13 17 7 13 28 21 13 12 12 13 9 11 11 12 35 15 9 18 12 26 26 19 12 11 13 12 10 9 12 12 10 11 11 30 12 13 24 14 10 10 23 15 19 14 26 ? 12 16 24 12 23 18 10 14 17 9 12 11
200971_Ferguson 13 21 15 11 16-17 11 12 11 13 11 31 17 8-10 11 12 25 14 21 29 13-16-16-17 10 10 19-19 15 14 16 19 33-38 11 11 10 8 16-16 8 10 10 8 9 10 12 20-22 19 11 12 13 15 7 13 28 22 13 12 13 13 9 11 11 12
163137_Ferguson 14 21 15 10 15-16 11 12 13 13 11 30 18 8-10 11 11 27 14 20 31 12-15-16-18 10 10 19-21 15 13 16 19 34-34 11 11 10 8 16-16 8 9 11 8 11 10 12 20-21 18 11 12 13 15 7 12 23 22 12 12 11 15 9 11 11 12
178833_Ferguson 14 21 17 10 16-18 11 12 11 13 11 31 16 8-10 11 11 27 14 21 32 13-16-16-17 11 10 19-21 15 13 17 17 32-33 11 11
Distance from reference: Zero One Two Three+

Genetic Distance

Genetic distance is a measure of the differences between two haplotypes. In its simplest form one simply counts the number of markers that differ. The model used is known as the Hybrid Mutation Model and conforms to that used by Family Tree DNA.
Genetic Distance
ID E
-
M
2
2
0
0
9
7
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
6
3
1
3
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
8
8
3
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
E-M2 110 19 31 11
200971_Ferguson 19 67 37 19
163137_Ferguson 31 37 67 19
178833_Ferguson 11 19 19 37
Related Probably Related Possibly Related
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 37 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 67 Markers
FTDNA's Interpreting Genetic Distance for 111 Markers
- Hybrid mutation model is used
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested

Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor

The Time To Most Recent Ancestor (TMRCA) is a measure of relatedness and well defined in the case of a family tree wherein one simply counts the number of generations back to the most recent common ancestor shared with someone else in the tree. From differences in haplotypes between two men it is possible to make a rough estimate of the probability that the TMRCA falls between two numbers. The numbers reported in the table below are such that the TMRCA is expected to fall within the range shown with a probability of 90%.
Time to Most Recent Common Ancestor (Generations)
ID E
-
M
2
2
0
0
9
7
1

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
6
3
1
3
7

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
1
7
8
8
3
3

F
e
r
g
u
s
o
n
E-M2 110 36-80 66-127 23-68
200971_Ferguson 36-80 67 73-138 44-105
163137_Ferguson 66-127 73-138 67 48-113
178833_Ferguson 23-68 44-105 48-113 37
Related Probably Related Possibly Related Probably UnRelated
- Infinite allele mutation model is used
- Average mutation rate varies: 0.0026 to 0.0036
- Mutation rates from Heinilia, 2012
- Values on the diagonal indicate number of markers tested
- The TMRCA is expected to be in the range shown (5% to 95%)

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